ULTRASOUND EXAMINATION OF HERNIA INGUINAL REGIO 3900 rsd
ULTRASOUND EXAMINATION OF HERNIA-ABDOMINAL WALL 3900 rsd
ULTRASOUND EXAMINATION OF HERNIA INGUINAL REGIO AND ABDOMINAL WALL 4900 rsd
ULTRASOUND EXAMINATION OF HERNIA AND CLINICAL EXAMINATION OF SURGEON 7000 rsd
What is hernia?
Hernia is one of the most common surgical diseases
Hernia represents a protrusion of preperitoneal fatty tissue or peritoneum with or without abdominal organs through congenital or acquired weakening in the abdominal wall (external abdominal wall hernias) or within the abdominal cavity (so-called internal hernias).
The symptoms are much more influenced by the complexity of hernia than its location. Problems arise due to the dysfunction of the organs within hernia, as well as the dysfunction of the abdominal wall, whose strength is reduced due to hernia. A patient may experience no symptoms, or there may be a slight pain within the hernia or some other distant area of the abdomen. There may be a visible and palpable tumefaction in the hernia area, sometimes followed by a skin change.
What causes hernia?
For a hernia to develop, there must exist a defect in musculoaponeurotic structures and fascias of the abdomen wall. In addition to that, a certain predisposing factors, sex, build, hereditariness, age, obesity, heavy weight lifting, previous operations, being pregnant more than once.
When should hernia ultrasound be performed?
The most common complications of hernia are acute inflammation, scar tissue, or incarceration. In most cases, diagnosis is provided upon clinical examination. Hernia ultrasound is usually performed for the purpose of:
- final diagnosis
- differentiating hernias from other deviations such as subcutaneous tumors, inguinal hernias-swollen lymph nodes, abscesses, aneurysms of blood vessels, genetic disorders (undescended testicle (cryptorchidism)
No special preparation if necessary.
The most common types of hernias are:
Inguinal hernia: a hernia opening occurs in the spermatic cord in men, and uterus ligaments in women. This is the most common type of hernia, and is more common in men than women. Scrotal inguinal hernia is the one that has extended down into the scrotum.
Femoral hernia: a hernia opening occurs in the place where blood vessels from abdomen push through in the leg. It is more commonly found in women than men. Umbilical hernia is mostly found in obese people, during pregnancy.
Hernias of the abdominal median line, usually running from the breastbone to the navel. It represents a weakening in the median line, i.e. a connection of the abdominal muscles of the left and right side..
Incisional hernias occur where there is no firm union of abdominal muscles and their membrane after the abdominal operation.
Parastomal hernias occur adjacent to the stoma (colostomy, ileostomy, …).