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Ultrasound examination of breasts and armpit region including breasts with silicone implants is an examination of crucial importance that has to be performed at least once a year since the number of women suffering from breast cancer increases every year. The armpit region examination is also important part of the examination since swollen lymph nodes are often diagnosed during this type of examination, determining further diagnostic and therapeutic process.

Ultrasound examination of breasts is an efficient, harmless, and painless method recommended from the very beginning of reproductive age. Ultrasound examination of breats differentiates malign from benign changes with high probability. If there is any doubt about the nature of the finding, either a fine-needle aspiration with the ultrasound control (part of the content is sucked through a fine-needle) or biopsy (a sample of breast tissue is taken) is performed and the sample is sent to further analysis.

Especially significant is the examination with the matrix probe. It is a technologically improved probe used for examinations of breasts, thyroid gland, musculoskeletal system and other soft tissue structures showing the texture to smallest details. The fact that this probe has four times more crystals significant for visualization or showing of a change in structures leading to an extremely high-resolution image and therefore more data speaks volumes about the perfection of this probe compared to not only basic probes, but also very good ones found in our institutions and medical systems of other countries.

At the ULTRASOUND DIAGNOSTICS CLINIC HRAST DR POPOVIĆ, we perform examinations of breasts and thyroid gland with a special ultrasound diagnostic method, also known as elastography. The technical and cadre capacities have led to the introduction of this complex method of assessing the changes in breasts and thyroid gland.

ELASTOGRPHY is a non-invasive, painless, simple, and harmless method that may be performed many a time. It measures the soft tissue resistance for the diagnosis of changes or tumor nature.

The examination itself is very similar to the ultrasound examination.

The procedure is the following: 5-10 times, at regular intervals and with the equal strength, the organ or the structure we want to examine is compressed with the ultrasound probe. The method is based on the fact that all tumors, especially the malign ones, show resistance to the probe pressure, leading to color on the ultrasound machine screen to vary from red, yellow, and green for normal tissues, to blue and grey-black for suspicious and tumor-modified tissues. The results of resistance measured show that some tumors have from five to even twenty or more times greater resistance to pressure than normal structures. The reason for the greater resistance may be cells swelling, connective tissue expanding, neovascularization, or changes in shape and structure of the tissue.

Over the past couple of years, foreign experiences have shown that the positive finding with elastography in examining suspicious breast changes is confirmed by over 90% with histopathology report of malignant disease in the change examined, i.e. tissue.


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